Ovarian cancer

Ovarian cancer is often detected when it has already spread to the pelvis and abdomen. In this late stage, in more difficult to treat ovarian cancer. The treatment of ovarian cancer at an early stage, when the disease is only in the ovary, is more likely to be successful.


Early stage ovarian cancer rarely causes symptoms. Advanced stage ovarian cancer can cause some nonspecific symptoms that are often confused with more frequent benign conditions.
The signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer may include the following:

  • Abdominal swelling or inflammation
  • Quick feeling of fullness when eating
  • Thinning
  • Discomfort in the pelvis area
  • Changes in bowel habits, such as constipation
  • Frequent need to urinate

Types of ovarian cancer

The type of cell in which the cancer originates determines the type of ovarian cancer. The types of ovarian cancer are:
The signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer may include the following:

  • Epithelial tumors, that originate in the thin layer of tissue that lines the outside of the ovaries. Approximately 90 percent of ovarian cancer types are epithelial tumors.

  • Stromal tumors, that originate in ovarian tissue that contains cells that produce hormones. These tumors are usually diagnosed at an earlier stage than other ovarian tumors. About 7 percent of ovarian tumors are stromal.

  • Germ cell tumors, that originate in ovule-producing cells. These rare types of cancer tend to occur in younger women.